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Education, Not Entertainment

By Dave Stuart Jr.

We are currently teaching the most entertained generation in the history of humankind. I don't say that disparagingly; my generation is not morally superior to the students I teach simply because we had access to exponentially less entertainment. (And we certainly had access to more than our parents.)

But consider: YouTube is incredible. The blogosphere is amazing. Television is in a Golden Age. [1] Video games are breathtakingly immersive and creative. A kid with an Xbox and an internet connection can save the entire universe using a one-in-a-million custom-designed character, or she can build an NFL franchise from scratch, or he can conduct hyper-realistic urban warfare against people around the planet — and that's all before turning the video games off and using the Xbox as an Internet access device. Most of my free-and-reduced lunch, rural-suburban students seem to have access to many of these things.

And here's what makes all of this entertainment unmatched in history: it's fantastically customized to me. For example, the 5,000th most-subscribed YouTube channel has over 400,000 subscribers. [2] This means there are at least 5,000 streams of media freely available to anyone with access to YouTube that are compelling enough to garner 400,000 (or more) people to appreciate them. And I don't have to wait until my show comes on — and I can use apps to make advertisements go away. And as soon as one video is finished, YouTube recommends more to me, all videos that it thinks I'll like based on my viewing behavior.

And we're just talking about YouTube right now! (My students are very into the ‘Tube.)

education not entertainmentHere is my point: it is madness for our schools to try to out-entertain the world. It is madness because we can't; much more so, it's madness because even if we could, we'd be achieving something much lower than an education.

Don't feel bad that your students don't find you entertaining. Feel bad if you are not in front of them attempting to model something more compelling and timeless than entertainment. Feel bad if you have allowed insane edu-policy to disabuse you of the idea that teaching is noble work. I'm not saying feel bad if you're not perfect, and by “feel bad” I don't mean feel guilty. Just embrace the life-giving, hard-feeling conviction that we got into this to do so much more than ensure that our students are “engaged” in a sense synonymous with “entertained.”

Look: I'm not saying, “Let's try to make our classes as boring as we can, then.” That's messed up.

What I am saying is that we ought not to avoid teaching our kids to read Things Fall Apart or five primary sources about the Sepoy Mutiny or how to divide fractions just because some students may find these things initially boring. Last week, when I gave students an article of the week about troubles in Saudi Arabia, I went into the lesson knowing the topic is… well, boring to the average 14-year-old American.

But something happens when we actually take our students seriously enough to teach them to read and discuss texts like these.

Suddenly, “some random book about a tribe in Africa” becomes a context for discussing, say, masculinity and femininity — topics that would certainly be boring to the majority of ninth graders without the novel as a prompt for discussing them. As if by magic, a nineteenth century “rebellion that nobody's heard of” begins generating sophisticated, text-based hypotheses and compelling, naunced arguments. And Saudi Arabia, once you use a few simple moves to help students enter into the article about it, becomes a fascinating, troubling place indeed. “Wait, what's flogging?… She went to jail for doing what?”

Some of the things that I thought looked incredibly boring when I was a high schooler — things like being a faithful spouse or an attentive parent — have turned out to contain plenty of mundane moments. There's just nothing sexy about changing a diaper, disciplining a child, learning to fold laundry “correctly” or having meetings about the family budget — at least not to me. I'd be far more entertained watching YouTube.

Yet these “boring” things have proven to add up to the richest earthly stuff I've ever tapped into.

Education, I think, should be kind of the same way. Engagement is much different than entertainment.


  1. Wikipedia does a fine job of collecting sources here. (See the References section.)
  2. As per SocialBlade.com — see here for updated information.

Thank you to the educators at Thornapple Kellogg Schools; these people gave me a quality education filled with lots of thinking, reading, writing, speaking, and growing. (Some of it, at first, was boring.) I am in their debt.



12 Responses to Education, Not Entertainment

  1. polen4 February 20, 2016 at 7:47 am #

    Thanks, Dave. This is a topic about which I think frequently. I think we should engage our students, but it should not be our goal each day to entertain. That is only teaching them that anything worthwhile has to be “fun” and that is not a true life lesson! Think of all the “unfun” things we each have to do each day, which are necessary and worthwhile to a productive life!

    Plus, constantly entertaining seven hours a day is exhausting and will only lead to one thing…burnout!

    As always, thanks for the great and insightful post!:)

    • davestuartjr February 20, 2016 at 10:16 pm #

      Thank you, Charmayne. You are right 🙂

    • Nancy Gesshel February 27, 2016 at 10:54 pm #

      I agree with you! Excellent comment!

  2. Teresa February 20, 2016 at 11:08 am #

    Wow! This is a timely post for me. Last week my colleagues and I were discussing this topic.

    I completely agree that if we try to match the insanely entertaining technology, we are doomed. I think this has become a problem. We teachers have great technology to use, but many are caught up in feeling like it must be used to entertain the students while they learn.

    Last week I said to one of my classes when they were complaining about an essay, “Not everything is fun, entertaining, and easy, but with attention and effort it can be rewarding.” I’m hopeful.

    Thanks for sharing your insight.

    • davestuartjr February 20, 2016 at 10:17 pm #

      Teresa, my colleagues and I talk about this sometimes, too. It’s a tightrope.

  3. msdayvt February 21, 2016 at 9:19 am #

    Thank you for putting this into your trademark elegant form.
    Will print out and carry in my back pocket so that I can pull it out when subject arises.
    So perfect. So timely. So Un-eduawesomesauce. It doesn’t light up and move around.
    It’s not ‘scoped or prototyped and put through the design process.
    Some of us still appreciate going through “boring” to get to the pearls of wisdom.
    Thank you again.

    • davestuartjr February 23, 2016 at 7:29 pm #

      Cynthia, that is wonderful — “un-eduawesomesauce” is what I’m going for more and more these days 🙂

  4. Jennifer Fletcher (@JenJFletcher) February 22, 2016 at 4:00 pm #

    Composition scholar Charles Bazerman has a wonderfully useful concept: pseudo-boredom. Fake boredom, Bazerman says, is what we experience when a task is too new and challenging. Our emotional guard dog comes out and says, “this is boring,” so we don’t have to deal with the discomfort of intellectual struggle. Real boredom happens when a task is too familiar and easy. Alerting students to this difference can disarm them of their favorite complaint.

    Great blog!

    • davestuartjr February 23, 2016 at 7:28 pm #

      Jennifer, what an honor having you post here — as I’ve shared before, I am a fan of your book Teaching Arguments. Where does Bazerman elaborate on this concept? (A book of his? An article?) I would like to research it and write on it (referencing your comment here as my inspiration, of course). Thank you again for reading and responding, Jennifer.

  5. Jennifer Fletcher (@JenJFletcher) February 23, 2016 at 7:52 pm #

    Thanks for the kind words, Dave–the feeling is mutual. I was so disappointed I couldn’t get into your session at NCTE. Here’s the citation for Bazerman and what he actually says on this subject:

    “Genuine boredom occurs when you are reading material you already know only too well […] Pseudo-boredom comes when you feel you just cannot be bothered to figure out what all the new information and ideas mean” (Bazerman 22-23).

    Bazerman, Charles. _The Informed Writer: Using Sources in the Disciplines_. 5th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1995. Print.

    • davestuartjr February 24, 2016 at 8:30 pm #

      Jennifer, I didn’t even think to check for you at NCTE! We’ll have to meet up this November. And that is amazing, the Bazerman statement. I’ve ordered the book. Thank you!

  6. Nancy Gesshel February 27, 2016 at 10:53 pm #

    Excellent article. I printed it for my principal and any other interested party to read. The comments from other readers are spot on as well. (in my opinion)

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